Channelpedia

PubMed 21555645


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.7



Title: Novel SCN1A mutation in a proband with malignant migrating partial seizures of infancy.

Authors: Emily R Freilich, Julie M Jones, William D Gaillard, Joan A Conry, Tammy N Tsuchida, Christine Reyes, Sulayman Dib-Hajj, Stephen G Waxman, Miriam H Meisler, Phillip L Pearl

Journal, date & volume: Arch. Neurol., 2011 May , 68, 665-71

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21555645


Abstract
To characterize a novel SCN1A mutation in a proband with malignant migrating partial seizures of infancy.Genomic DNA was isolated from blood and submitted for commercial testing. The identified missense mutation was confirmed in brain DNA obtained at autopsy. Genomic DNA from the brain of the proband was analyzed by comparative genome hybridization, and the coding exons of SCN9A were amplified. Quantitation studies of the mutant transcript were performed.Children's National Medical Center and Yale University School of Medicine. PROBAND: A full-term female infant who experienced seizure onset at age 10 weeks, with progression of hemiclonic, apneic, and multifocal migrating partial seizures leading to recurrent status epilepticus and death at age 9 months.Electroencephalographic and magnetic resonance imaging results, quantitative RNA expression, and secondary mutation test results.The heterozygous missense mutation c.C5006C>A was identified by sequencing genomic DNA from blood and was confirmed in brain DNA. The resulting amino acid substitution p.A1669E alters an evolutionarily conserved residue in an intracellular linker of domain 4 of the SCN1A sodium channel protein Na(v)1.1. The mutant transcript is found to be expressed at levels comparable to the wild-type allele in brain RNA. No variation in copy number was detected in the chromosome region 2q24 containing SCN1A or elsewhere in the genome. No mutations were detected in the linked sodium channel gene SCN9A, which has been reported to act as a modifier of SCN1A mutations.This report expands the spectrum of SCN1A epileptic channelopathies to include malignant migrating partial seizures of infancy.