Channelpedia

PubMed 21732368


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , ClvC3 , ClvC4 , Kir2.1



Title: Functional ion channels and cell proliferation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.

Authors: Xiao-Hua Zhang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Hai-Ying Sun, Man-Wen Jin, Gui-Rong Li

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Jul 5 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21732368


Abstract
Mouse 3T3-L1 preadipocytes are widely used for metabolic study of obesity; however, their cellular physiology is not fully understood. The present study investigates functional ion channels and their role in the regulation of cell proliferation using whole-cell patch voltage-clamp, RT-PCR, Western blot, and cell proliferation assay in undifferentiated 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. We found three types of ionic currents present in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, including an inwardly-rectifying K(+) current (I(Kir), recorded in 15% of cells) inhibited by Ba(2+), a Ca(2+)-activated intermediate K(+) current (IK(Ca), recorded in 44% of cells) inhibited by clotrimazole (or TRAM-34) as well as a chloride current (I(Cl)) inhibited by 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) in 12% of cells, which can be activated in all cells with hypotonic (0.8 T) insult, implicating a volume-sensitive I(Cl) (I(Cl.vol)). RT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed the expression of KCa3.1 (for IK(Ca)), Kir2.1 (for I(Kir)), and Clcn3 (for I(Cl.vol)). Blockade of IK(Ca) with TRAM-34 or I(Cl.vol) with DIDS inhibited cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Knockdown of KCa3.1 or Clcn3 with specific siRNAs also suppressed cell proliferation. Flow cytometry analysis showed that blockade or silencing of KCa3.1 or Clcn3 channels with corresponding blockers or siRNAs caused an accumulation of cells at the G0/G1 phase. These results demonstrate that three functional ion channel currents, I(KCa), I(Cl.vol), and I(Kir), are heterogeneously present in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. I(KCa) and I(Cl.vol) participate in the regulation of cell proliferation.