PubMed 20394468

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Membrane properties of neuron-like cells generated from adult human bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Authors: Lyle E Fox, Jun Shen, Ke Ma, Qing Liu, Guangbin Shi, George D Pappas, Tingyu Qu, Jianguo Cheng

Journal, date & volume: Stem Cells Dev., 2010 Dec , 19, 1831-41

PubMed link:

Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MeSCs) isolated from human bone marrow are capable of generating neural stem cell (NSC)-like cells that can be subsequently differentiated into cells expressing molecular markers for neurons. Here we report that these neuron-like cells had functional properties similar to those of brain-derived neurons. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings and calcium imaging experiments were performed on neuron-like cells differentiated from bone-marrow-derived NSC-like cells. The neuron-like cells were subjected to current pulses to determine if they were capable of generating depolarization-induced action potentials. We found that nearly all of the cells with neuron-like morphology exhibited active membrane properties in response to the depolarizing pulses. The most common response was a single spike-like event with an overshoot and brief afterhyperpolarization. Cells that did not generate overshooting spike-like events usually displayed rectifying current-voltage relationships. The prevalence of these active membrane properties in response to the depolarizing current pulses suggested that the human MeSCs (hMeSCs) were capable of converting to a neural lineage under defined culture conditions. The spike-like events were blocked by the voltage-gated sodium channel inhibitor lidocaine, but unaffected by another sodium channel inhibitor tetrodotoxin (TTX). In calcium imaging experiments, the neuron-like cells responded to potassium chloride depolarization and l-glutamate application with increases in the cytoplasmic calcium levels. Thus, the neuron-like cells appeared to express TTX-resistant voltage-gated sodium channels, voltage-gated calcium channels, and functional l-glutamate receptors. These results demonstrate that hMeSCs were capable of generating cells with characteristics typical of functional neurons that may prove useful for neuroreplacement therapies.