Channelpedia

PubMed 14739809


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2



Title: Molecular mechanisms of the inhibitory effects of propofol and thiamylal on sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels.

Authors: Takashi Kawano, Shuzo Oshita, Akira Takahashi, Yasuo Tsutsumi, Yoshinobu Tomiyama, Hiroshi Kitahata, Yasuhiro Kuroda, Yutaka Nakaya

Journal, date & volume: Anesthesiology, 2004 Feb , 100, 338-46

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14739809


Abstract
Both propofol and thiamylal inhibit adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels. In the current study, the authors investigated the effects of these anesthetics on the activity of recombinant sarcolemmal KATP channels encoded by inwardly rectifying potassium channel (Kir6.1 or Kir6.2) genes and sulfonylurea receptor (SUR1, SUR2A, or SUR2B) genes.The authors used inside-out patch clamp configurations to investigate the effects of propofol and thiamylal on the activity of recombinant KATP channels using COS-7 cells transfected with various types of KATP channel subunits.Propofol inhibited the activities of the SUR1/Kir6.2 (EC50 = 77 microm), SUR2A/Kir6.2 (EC50 = 72 microm), and SUR2B/Kir6.2 (EC50 = 71 microm) channels but had no significant effects on the SUR2B/Kir6.1 channels. Propofol inhibited the truncated isoform of Kir6.2 (Kir6.2DeltaC36) channels (EC50 = 78 microm) that can form functional KATP channels in the absence of SUR molecules. Furthermore, the authors identified two distinct mutations R31E (arginine residue at position 31 to glutamic acid) and K185Q (lysine residue at position 185 to glutamine) of the Kir6.2DeltaC36 channel that significantly reduce the inhibition of propofol. In contrast, thiamylal inhibited the SUR1/Kir6.2 (EC50 = 541 microm), SUR2A/Kir6.2 (EC50 = 248 microm), SUR2B/Kir6.2 (EC50 = 183 microm), SUR2B/Kir6.1 (EC50 = 170 microm), and Kir6.2DeltaC36 channels (EC50 = 719 microm). None of the mutants significantly affects the sensitivity of thiamylal.These results suggest that the major effects of both propofol and thiamylal on KATP channel activity are mediated via the Kir6.2 subunit. Site-directed mutagenesis study suggests that propofol and thiamylal may influence Kir6.2 activity by different molecular mechanisms; in thiamylal, the SUR subunit seems to modulate anesthetic sensitivity.