Channelpedia

PubMed 21084859


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK , Cav1.2 , Cav1.3 , Slo1



Title: CaV1.3 as pacemaker channels in adrenal chromaffin cells: specific role on exo- and endocytosis?

Authors: Valentina Comunanza, Andrea Marcantoni, David H Vandael, Satyajit Mahapatra, Daniela Gavello, Valentina Carabelli, Emilio Carbone

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2010 Nov-Dec , 4, 440-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21084859


Abstract
Voltage-gated L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) are expressed in adrenal chromaffin cells. Besides shaping the action potential (AP), LTCCs are involved in the excitation-secretion coupling controlling catecholamine release and in Ca (2+) -dependent vesicle retrieval. Of the two LTCCs expressed in chromaffin cells (CaV1.2 and CaV1.3), CaV1.3 possesses the prerequisites for pacemaking spontaneously firing cells: low-threshold, steep voltage-dependence of activation and slow inactivation. By using CaV1 .3 (-/-) KO mice and the AP-clamp it has been possible to resolve the time course of CaV1.3 pacemaker currents, which is similar to that regulating substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons. In mouse chromaffin cells CaV1.3 is coupled to fast-inactivating BK channels within membrane nanodomains and controls AP repolarization. The ability to carry subthreshold Ca (2+) currents and activate BK channels confers to CaV1.3 the unique feature of driving Ca (2+) loading during long interspike intervals and, possibly, to control the Ca (2+) -dependent exocytosis and endocytosis processes that regulate catecholamine secretion and vesicle recycling.