PubMed 21139421

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.2

Title: T-type calcium channel expression and function in the diseased heart.

Authors: Leanne Cribbs

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2010 Nov-Dec , 4, 447-52

PubMed link:

The regulation of intracellular Ca (2+) is essential for cardiomyocyte function, and alterations in proteins that regulate Ca (2+) influx have dire consequences in the diseased heart. Low voltage-activated, T-type Ca (2+) channels are one pathway of Ca (2+) entry that is regulated according to developmental stage and in pathological conditions in the adult heart. Cardiac T-type channels consist of two main types, Cav3.1 (α1G) and Cav3.2 (α1H), and both can be induced in the myocardium in disease and injury but still, relatively little is known about mechanisms for their regulation and their respective functions. This article integrates previous data establishing regulation of T-type Ca (2+) channels in animal models of cardiac disease, with recent data that begin to address the functional consequences of cardiac Cav3.1 and Cav3.2 Ca (2+) channel expression in the pathological setting. The putative association of T-type Ca (2+) channels with Ca (2+) dependent signaling pathways in the context of cardiac hypertrophy is also discussed.