Channelpedia

PubMed 21642537


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPP , TRPP2



Title: Structural model of the TRPP2/PKD1 C-terminal coiled-coil complex produced by a combined computational and experimental approach.

Authors: Jiang Zhu, Yong Yu, Maximilian H Ulbrich, Ming-Hui Li, Ehud Y Isacoff, Barry Honig, Jian Yang

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2011 Jun 21 , 108, 10133-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21642537


Abstract
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is caused by mutations in TRPP2 and PKD1, which form an ion channel/receptor complex containing three TRPP2 and one PKD1. A TRPP2 C-terminal coiled-coil trimer, critical for the assembly of this complex, associates with a single PKD1 C-terminal coiled-coil. Many ADPKD pathogenic mutations result in the abolishment of the TRPP2/PKD1 coiled-coil complex. To gain molecular and functional insights into this heterotetrameric complex, we computationally constructed a structural model by using a two-step docking strategy, based on a known crystal structure of the TRPP2 coiled-coil trimer. The model shows that this tetrameric complex has a novel di-trimer configuration: An upstream trimer made of three TRPP2 helices and a downstream trimer made of two TRPP2 helices and one PKD1 helix. Mutagenesis and biochemical analysis identified critical TRPP2/PKD1 interface contacts essential for the heteromeric coiled-coil complex. Mutation of these interface positions in the full-length proteins showed that these interactions were critical for the assembly of the full-length complex in cells. Our results provide a means to specifically weaken the TRPP2 and PKD1 association, thus facilitating future in vitro and in vivo studies on the functional importance of this association.