Channelpedia

PubMed 21700933


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: Restoration of Normal L-Type Ca2+ Channel Function During Timothy Syndrome by Ablation of an Anchoring Protein.

Authors: Edward P Cheng, Can Yuan, Manuel F Navedo, Rose E Dixon, Madeline Nieves-Cintrón, John D Scott, Luis F Santana

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Jun 23 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21700933


Abstract
L-type Ca(2+) (Ca(V)1.2) channels shape the cardiac action potential waveform and are essential for excitation-contraction coupling in heart. A gain-of-function G406R mutation in a cytoplasmic loop of Ca(V)1.2 channels causes long QT syndrome 8 (LQT8), a disease also known as Timothy syndrome. However, the mechanisms by which this mutation enhances Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 currents and generates lethal arrhythmias are unclear.To test the hypothesis that the anchoring protein AKAP150 modulates Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 channel gating in ventricular myocytes.Using a combination of molecular, imaging, and electrophysiological approaches, we discovered that Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 channels are abnormally coupled to AKAP150. A pathophysiological consequence of forming this aberrant ion channel-anchoring protein complex is enhanced Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 currents. This occurs through a mechanism whereby the anchoring protein functions like a subunit of Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 channels that stabilizes the open conformation and augments the probability of coordinated openings of these channels. Ablation of AKAP150 restores normal gating in Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 channels and protects the heart from arrhythmias.We propose that AKAP150-dependent changes in Ca(V)1.2-LQT8 channel gating may constitute a novel general mechanism for Ca(V)1.2-driven arrhythmias.