PubMed 21275604

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa1 , ClvC4

Title: Interleukin-13 induces mucin 5AC production involving STAT6/SPDEF in human airway epithelial cells.

Authors: Hongmei Yu, Qi Li, Victor P Kolosov, Juliy M Perelman, Xiangdong Zhou

Journal, date & volume: Cell Commun. Adhes., 2010 Aug , 17, 83-92

PubMed link:

Mucus hypersecretion is commonly observed in many chronic airway inflammatory diseases. Mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) is a major airway mucin because of its high expression in goblet cells. Here, the authors identified a gene called SAM domain-containing prostate-derived Ets factor (SPDEF) that was induced by interleukin (IL)-13. Their results showed that specific knockdown of SPDEF reduced IL-13-induced MUC5AC expression in human airway epithelial cells. This finding was associated with decreased expression of anterior gradient 2 (AGR2) and Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CLCA1), which regulate IL-13-mediated MUC5AC overproduction. Furthermore, transfection with SPDEF siRNA enhanced expression of forkhead box a2 (Foxa2), a key transcription factor that is known to prevent mucus production. The authors also demonstrated that the repression of STAT6 inhibited expression of SPDEF and MUC5AC induced by IL-13. These results show that SPDEF plays a critical role in regulating a transcriptional network mediating IL-13-induced MUC5AC synthesis dependent on STAT6.