PubMed 21185999

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir6.2

Title: KATP channel mutations in congenital hyperinsulinism.

Authors: Cécile Saint-Martin, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Pascale de Lonlay, Christine Bellanné-Chantelot

Journal, date & volume: Semin. Pediatr. Surg., 2011 Feb , 20, 18-22

PubMed link:

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP) channels) have a central role in the regulation of insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells. They are octameric complexes organized around the central core constituted by the Kir6.2 subunits. The regulation of the channel itself takes place on the sulfonylurea receptor-1 subunit. The channel opens and closes according to the balance between adenine nucleotide ATP and adenosine diphosphate. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (also named congenital hyperinsulinism, or CHI) is associated with loss-of-function K(ATP) channel mutations. Their frequency depends on the histopathological form and the responsiveness of CHI patients to diazoxide. ABCC8/KCNJ11 defects are identified in approximately 80% of patients with CHI refractory to diazoxide. Within this group, focal forms are related to a paternally inherited KCNJ11 or ABCC8 mutation and the loss of the corresponding maternal allele in some pancreatic β cells leading to a focal lesion. Diffuse forms are mostly associated with recessively inherited mutations. Some patients with diffuse forms also carried a single K(ATP) channel mutation. In contrast, K(ATP) mutations are involved in 15% of diazoxide-responsive CHI cases that are either sporadic or dominantly inherited.