Channelpedia

PubMed 21148405


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3



Title: Inhibition of Kv4.3 by genistein via a tyrosine phosphorylation-independent mechanism.

Authors: Hee Jae Kim, Hye Sook Ahn, Bok Hee Choi, Sang June Hahn

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2011 Mar , 300, C567-75

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21148405


Abstract
The effects of genistein, a protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitor, on voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) 4.3 channel were examined using the whole cell patch-clamp techniques. Genistein inhibited Kv4.3 in a reversible, concentration-dependent manner with an IC(50) of 124.78 μM. Other PTK inhibitors (tyrphostin 23, tyrphostin 25, lavendustin A) had no effect on genistein-induced inhibition of Kv4.3. Orthovanadate, an inhibitor of protein phosphatases, did not reverse the inhibition of Kv4.3 by genistein. We also tested the effects of two inactive structural analogs: genistin and daidzein. Whereas Kv4.3 was unaffected by genistin, daidzein inhibited Kv4.3, albeit with a lower potency. Genistein did not affect the activation and inactivation kinetics of Kv4.3. Genistein-induced inhibition of Kv4.3 was voltage dependent with a steep increase over the channel opening voltage range. In the full-activation voltage range positive to +20 mV, no voltage-dependent inhibition was found. Genistein had no significant effect on steady-state activation, but shifted the voltage dependence of the steady-state inactivation of Kv4.3 in the hyperpolarizing direction in a concentration-dependent manner. The K(i) for the interaction between genistein and the inactivated state of Kv4.3, which was estimated from the concentration-dependent shift in the steady-state inactivation curve, was 1.17 μM. Under control conditions, closed-state inactivation was fitted to a single exponential function, and genistein accelerated closed-state inactivation. Genistein induced a weak use-dependent inhibition. These results suggest that genistein directly inhibits Kv4.3 by interacting with the closed-inactivated state of Kv4.3 channels. This effect is not mediated via inhibition of the PTK activity, because other types of PTK inhibitors could not prevent the inhibitory action of genistein.