PubMed 21173146

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: ATP modulates interaction of syntaxin-1A with sulfonylurea receptor 1 to regulate pancreatic beta-cell KATP channels.

Authors: Youhou Kang, Yi Zhang, Tao Liang, Yuk-Man Leung, Betty Ng, Huanli Xie, Nathan Chang, Joseph Chan, Show-Ling Shyng, Robert G Tsushima, Herbert Y Gaisano

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2011 Feb 18 , 286, 5876-83

PubMed link:

ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are regulated by a variety of cytosolic factors (adenine nucleotides, Mg(2+), phospholipids, and pH). We previously reported that K(ATP) channels are also regulated by endogenous membrane-bound SNARE protein syntaxin-1A (Syn-1A), which binds both nucleotide-binding folds of sulfonylurea receptor (SUR)1 and 2A, causing inhibition of K(ATP) channel activity in pancreatic islet β-cells and cardiac myocytes, respectively. In this study, we show that ATP dose-dependently inhibits Syn-1A binding to SUR1 at physiological concentrations, with the addition of Mg(2+) causing a decrease in the ATP-induced inhibitory effect. This ATP disruption of Syn-1A binding to SUR1 was confirmed by FRET analysis in living HEK293 cells. Electrophysiological studies in pancreatic β-cells demonstrated that reduced ATP concentrations increased K(ATP) channel sensitivity to Syn-1A inhibition. Depletion of endogenous Syn-1A in insulinoma cells by botulinum neurotoxin C1 proteolysis followed by rescue with exogenous Syn-1A showed that Syn-1A modulates K(ATP) channel sensitivity to ATP. Thus, our data indicate that although both ATP and Syn-1A independently inhibit β-cell K(ATP) channel gating, they could also influence the sensitivity of K(ATP) channels to each other. These findings provide new insight into an alternate mechanism by which ATP regulates pancreatic β-cell K(ATP) channel activity, not only by its direct actions on Kir6.2 pore subunit, but also via ATP modulation of Syn-1A binding to SUR1.