Channelpedia

PubMed 21289621


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: Effects of KCNQ1 polymorphisms on the therapeutic efficacy of oral antidiabetic drugs in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Authors: W Yu, C Hu, R Zhang, C Wang, W Qin, J Lu, F Jiang, S Tang, Y Bao, K Xiang, W Jia

Journal, date & volume: Clin. Pharmacol. Ther., 2011 Mar , 89, 437-42

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21289621


Abstract
The aim of this study was to explore the impact of KCNQ1 variants on the responses to oral antidiabetic drugs in a Chinese study population. A 48-week randomized pharmacogenetics study compared the effects of repaglinide and rosiglitazone in 209 newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes. In the repaglinide cohort, individuals who were rs2237892 TT homozygotes exhibited lower 2-h glucose levels and significantly higher cumulative attainment rates of target 2-h glucose levels (P(log-rank) = 0.0383) than the C allele carriers; patients with a greater number of rs2237892 C alleles showed larger augmentations in both fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (P = 0.0166 and 0.0026, respectively); moreover, the rs2237895 C allele was also associated with greater increments in both fasting insulin and HOMA-IR (P = 0.0274 and 0.0259, respectively). In contrast, only an association between rs2237897 and decrease in 2-h glucose levels was detected in the rosiglitazone cohort (P = 0.0321). Our results indicated that KCNQ1 polymorphisms are associated with repaglinide efficacy, and might also be associated with rosiglitazone response, in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.