Channelpedia

PubMed 21068358


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Slo1



Title: Native and recombinant Slc26a3 (downregulated in adenoma, Dra) do not exhibit properties of 2Cl-/1HCO3- exchange.

Authors: Seth L Alper, Andrew K Stewart, David H Vandorpe, Jeffrey S Clark, R Zachary Horack, Janet E Simpson, Nancy M Walker, Lane L Clarke

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2011 Feb , 300, C276-86

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21068358


Abstract
The recent proposal that Dra/Slc26a3 mediates electrogenic 2Cl(-)/1HCO(3)(-) exchange suggests a required revision of classical concepts of electroneutral Cl(-) transport across epithelia such as the intestine. We investigated 1) the effect of endogenous Dra Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) activity on apical membrane potential (V(a)) of the cecal surface epithelium using wild-type (WT) and knockout (KO) mice; and 2) the electrical properties of Cl(-)/(OH(-))HCO(3)(-) exchange by mouse and human orthologs of Dra expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Ex vivo (36)Cl(-) fluxes and microfluorometry revealed that cecal Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange was abolished in the Dra KO without concordant changes in short-circuit current. In microelectrode studies, baseline V(a) of Dra KO surface epithelium was slightly hyperpolarized relative to WT but depolarized to the same extent as WT during luminal Cl(-) substitution. Subsequent studies indicated that Cl(-)-dependent V(a) depolarization requires the anion channel Cftr. Oocyte studies demonstrated that Dra-mediated exchange of intracellular Cl(-) for extracellular HCO(3)(-) is accompanied by slow hyperpolarization and a modest outward current, but that the steady-state current-voltage relationship is unaffected by Cl(-) removal or pharmacological blockade. Further, Dra-dependent (36)Cl(-) efflux was voltage-insensitive in oocytes coexpressing the cation channels ENaC or ROMK. We conclude that 1) endogenous Dra and recombinant human/mouse Dra orthologs do not exhibit electrogenic 2Cl(-)/1HCO(3)(-) exchange; and 2) acute induction of Dra Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange is associated with secondary membrane potential changes representing homeostatic responses. Thus, participation of Dra in coupled NaCl absorption and in uncoupled HCO(3)(-) secretion remains compatible with electroneutrality of these processes, and with the utility of electroneutral transport models for predicting epithelial responses in health and disease.