Channelpedia

PubMed 20876216


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4



Title: PECAM-targeted delivery of SOD inhibits endothelial inflammatory response.

Authors: Vladimir V Shuvaev, Jingyan Han, Kevin J Yu, Shaohui Huang, Brian J Hawkins, Muniswamy Madesh, Marian Nakada, Vladimir R Muzykantov

Journal, date & volume: FASEB J., 2011 Jan , 25, 348-57

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20876216


Abstract
Elevated generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by endothelial enzymes, including NADPH-oxidase, is implicated in vascular oxidative stress and endothelial proinflammatory activation involving exposure of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) conjugated with antibodies to platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) bind specifically to endothelium and inhibit effects of corresponding ROS, H(2)O(2), and superoxide anion. In this study, anti-PECAM/SOD, but not anti-PECAM/catalase or nontargeted enzymes, including polyethylene glycol (PEG)-SOD, inhibited 2- to 3-fold VCAM expression caused by tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1β, and lipopolysaccharide. Anti- PECAM/SOD, but not nontargeted counterparts, accumulated in vascular endothelium after intravenous injection, localized in endothelial endosomes, and inhibited by 70% lipopolysaccharide-caused VCAM-1 expression in mice. Anti-PECAM/SOD colocalized with EEA-1-positive endothelial vesicles and quenched ROS produced in response to TNF. Inhibitors of NADPH oxidase and anion channel ClC3 blocked TNF-induced VCAM expression, affirming that superoxide produced and transported by these proteins, respectively, mediates inflammatory signaling. Anti-PECAM/SOD abolished VCAM expression caused by poly(I:C)-induced activation of toll-like receptor 3 localized in intracellular vesicles. These results directly implicate endosomal influx of superoxide in endothelial inflammatory response and suggest that site-specific interception of this signal attained by targeted delivery of anti-PECAM/SOD into endothelial endosomes may have anti-inflammatory effects.