PubMed 21112285

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1

Title: The Met268Pro mutation of mouse TRPA1 changes the effect of caffeine from activation to suppression.

Authors: Katsuhiro Nagatomo, Hiroshi Ishii, Tomomi Yamamoto, Koichi Nakajo, Yoshihiro Kubo

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2010 Dec 1 , 99, 3609-18

PubMed link:

The transient receptor potential A1 channel (TRPA1) is activated by various compounds, including isothiocyanates, menthol, and cinnamaldehyde. The sensitivities of the rodent and human isoforms of TRPA1 to menthol and the cysteine-attacking compound CMP1 differ, and the molecular determinants for these differences have been identified in the 5th transmembrane region (TM5) for menthol and TM6 for CMP1. We recently reported that caffeine activates mouse TRPA1 (mTRPA1) but suppresses human TRPA1 (hTRPA1). Here we aimed to identify the molecular determinant that is responsible for species-specific differences in the response to caffeine by analyzing the functional properties of various chimeras expressed in Xenopus oocytes. We initially found that the region between amino acids 231 and 287, in the distal N-terminal cytoplasmic region of mTRPA1, is critical. In a mutagenesis study of this region, we subsequently observed that introduction of a Met268Pro point mutation into mTRPA1 changed the effect of caffeine from activation to suppression. Because the region including Met-268 is different from other reported ligand-binding sites and from the EF-hand motif, these results suggest that the caffeine response is mediated by a unique mechanism, and confirm the importance of the distal N-terminal region for regulation of TRPA1 channel activity.