PubMed 21388961

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Insights into the mechanism of pore opening of acid-sensing ion channel 1A.

Authors: Lindsey A Tolino, Sora Okumura, Ossama B Kashlan, Marcelo D Carattino

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Mar 9 , ,

PubMed link:

Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are trimeric cation channels that undergo activation and desensitization in response to extracellular acidification. The underlying mechanism coupling proton binding in the extracellular region to pore gating is unknown. Here we probed the reactivity toward methanethiosulfonate (MTS) reagents of channels with cysteine-substituted residues in the outer vestibule of the pore of ASIC1a. We found that positively-charged MTS reagents trigger pore opening of G428C. Scanning mutagenesis of residues in the region preceding the second transmembrane spanning domain indicated that the MTSET-modified side chain of Cys at position 428 interacts with Tyr-424. This interaction was confirmed by double-mutant cycle analysis. Strikingly, Y424C-G428C monomers were associated by intersubunit disulfide bonds and were insensitive to MTSET. Despite the spatial constraints introduced by these intersubunit disulfide bonds in the outer vestibule of the pore, Y424C-G428C transitions between the resting, open, and desensitized states in response to extracellular acidification. This finding suggests that the opening of the ion conductive pathway involves coordinated rotation of the second transmembrane-spanning domains.