PubMed 21393430

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.5

Title: Hydrogen sulfide is a partially redox-independent activator of the human jejunum Na+ channel, NaV1.5.

Authors: Peter R Strege, Cheryl E Bernard, Robert E Kraichely, Amelia Mazzone, Lei Sha, Arthur Beyder, Simon J Gibbons, David R Linden, Michael L Kendrick, Michael G Sarr, Joseph H Szurszewski, Gianrico Farrugia

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Mar 10 , ,

PubMed link:

Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is produced endogenously by L-cysteine metabolism. H(2)S modulates several ion channels with an unclear mechanism of action. A possible mechanism is through reduction-oxidation reactions attributable to the redox potential of the sulfur moiety. The aims of this study were to determine the effects of the H(2)S donor NaHS on Na(V)1.5, a voltage-dependent sodium channel expressed in the gastrointestinal tract in human jejunum smooth muscle cells and interstitial cells of Cajal, and to elucidate whether H(2)S acts on Na(V)1.5 by redox reactions. Whole cell Na(+) currents were recorded in freshly dissociated human jejunum circular myocytes and Na(V)1.5-transfected human embryonic kidney-293 cells. RT-PCR amplified mRNA for H(2)S enzymes cystathionine β-synthase and cystathionine γ-lyase from the human jejunum. NaHS increased native Na(+) peak currents and shifted the half-point (V(1/2)) of steady-state activation and inactivation by +21 ± 2 mV and +15 ± 3 mV, respectively. Similar effects were seen on the heterologously expressed Na(V)1.5 α subunit with EC(50)s in the 10(-4) to 10(-3) M range. The reducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) mimicked in part the effects of NaHS by increasing peak current and positively shifting steady-state activation. DTT together with NaHS had an additive effect on steady-state activation but not on peak current, suggesting that the latter may be altered via reduction. Pretreatment with the Hg(2+)-conjugated oxidizer thimerosal or the alkylating agent N-ethylmaleimide inhibited or decreased NaHS induction of Na(V)1.5 peak current. These studies show that H(2)S activates the gastrointestinal Na(+) channel, and the mechanism of action of H(2)S is partially redox independent.