PubMed 20848653

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , TRP , TRPV , TRPV5 , TRPV6

Title: Generation and analysis of the thiazide-sensitive Na+ -Cl- cotransporter (Ncc/Slc12a3) Ser707X knockin mouse as a model of Gitelman syndrome.

Authors: Sung-Sen Yang, Yi-Fen Lo, I-Shing Yu, Shu-Wha Lin, Tai-Hsiang Chang, Yu-Juei Hsu, Tai-Kuang Chao, Huey-Kang Sytwu, Shinichi Uchida, Sei Sasaki, Shih-Hua Lin

Journal, date & volume: Hum. Mutat., 2010 Dec , 31, 1304-15

PubMed link:

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is characterized by salt-losing hypotension, hypomagnesemia, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, and hypocalciuria. To better model human GS caused by a specific mutation in the thiazide-sensitive Na(+) -Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) gene SLC12A3, we generated a nonsense Ncc Ser707X knockin mouse corresponding to human p.Ser710X (c.2135C>A), a recurrent mutation with severe phenotypes in Chinese GS patients. Compared with wild-type or heterozygous littermates, homozygous (Hom) knockin mice fully recapitulated the phenotype of human GS. The markedly reduced Ncc mRNA and virtually absent Ncc protein expression in kidneys of Hom mice was primarily due to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) surveillance mechanisms. Expression of epithelial Na(+) channel (Enac), Ca(2+) channels (Trpv5 and Trpv6), and K(+) channels (Romk1 and maxi-K) were significantly increased. Late distal convoluted tubules (DCT) volume was increased and DCT cell ultrastructure appeared intact. High K(+) intake could not correct hypokalemia but caused a further increase in maxi-K but not Romk1 expression. Renal tissue from a patient with GS also showed the enhanced TRPV5 and ROMK1 expression in distal tubules. We suggest that the upregulation of TRPV5/6 and of ROMK1 and Maxi-K may contribute to hypocalciuria and hypokalemia in Ncc Ser707X knockin mice and human GS, respectively.