PubMed 20673577

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK

Title: Membrane stretch and cytoplasmic Ca2+ independently modulate stretch-activated BK channel activity.

Authors: Hu-Cheng Zhao, Hasi Agula, Wei Zhang, Fa Wang, Masahiro Sokabe, Lu-Ming Li

Journal, date & volume: J Biomech, 2010 Nov 16 , 43, 3015-9

PubMed link:

Large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels are responsible for changes in chemical and physical signals such as Ca(2+), Mg(2+) and membrane potentials. Previously, we reported that a BK channel cloned from chick heart (SAKCaC) is activated by membrane stretch. Molecular cloning and subsequent functional characterization of SAKCaC have shown that both the membrane stretch and intracellular Ca(2+) signal allosterically regulate the channel activity via the linker of the gating ring complex. Here we investigate how these two gating principles interact with each other. We found that stretch force activated SAKCaC in the absence of cytoplasmic Ca(2+). Lack of Ca(2+) bowl (a calcium binding motif) in SAKCaC diminished the Ca(2+)-dependent activation, but the mechanosensitivity of channel was intact. We also found that the abrogation of STREX (a proposed mechanosensing apparatus) in SAKCaC abolished the mechanosensitivity without altering the Ca(2+) sensitivity of channels. These observations indicate that membrane stretch and intracellular Ca(2+) could independently modulate SAKCaC activity.