Channelpedia

PubMed 20921208


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM2



Title: Lack of TRPM2 impaired insulin secretion and glucose metabolisms in mice.

Authors: Kunitoshi Uchida, Katsuya Dezaki, Boldbaatar Damdindorj, Hitoshi Inada, Tetsuya Shiuchi, Yasuo Mori, Toshihiko Yada, Yasuhiko Minokoshi, Makoto Tominaga

Journal, date & volume: Diabetes, 2011 Jan , 60, 119-26

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20921208


Abstract
TRPM2 is a Ca²(+)-permeable nonselective cation channel activated by adenosine dinucleotides. We previously demonstrated that TRPM2 is activated by coapplication of heat and intracellular cyclic adenosine 5'-diphosphoribose, which has been suggested to be involved in intracellular Ca²(+) increase in immunocytes and pancreatic β-cells. To clarify the involvement of TRPM2 in insulin secretion, we analyzed TRPM2 knockout (TRPM2-KO) mice.Oral and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests (OGTT and IPGTT) were performed in TRPM2-KO and wild-type mice. We also measured cytosolic free Ca²(+) in single pancreatic cells using fura-2 microfluorometry and insulin secretion from pancreatic islets.Basal blood glucose levels were higher in TRPM2-KO mice than in wild-type mice without any difference in plasma insulin levels. The OGTT and IPGTT demonstrated that blood glucose levels in TRPM2-KO mice were higher than those in wild-type mice, which was associated with an impairment in insulin secretion. In isolated β-cells, smaller intracellular Ca²(+) increase was observed in response to high concentrations of glucose and incretin hormone in TRPM2-KO cells than in wild-type cells. Moreover, insulin secretion from the islets of TRPM2-KO mice in response to glucose and incretin hormone treatment was impaired, whereas the response to tolbutamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel inhibitor, was not different between the two groups.These results indicate that TRPM2 is involved in insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and that further potentiated by incretins. Thus, TRPM2 may be a new target for diabetes therapy.