PubMed 20506205

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4

Title: Chloride channel ClC-3 promotion of osteogenic differentiation through Runx2.

Authors: Huan Wang, Yong Mao, Bin Zhang, Tao Wang, Feifei Li, Shanmin Fu, Yang Xue, Ting Yang, Xuan Wen, Yin Ding, Xiaohong Duan

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Biochem., 2010 Sep 1 , 111, 49-58

PubMed link:

ClC-3 chloride channel has been speculated to contribute to the acidification of synaptic vesicles and endosomes. However, the biological function of ClC-3 in osteogenesis remains to be determined. In this study, we first analyzed ClC-3 expression in MC3T3-E1 cells and primary mouse osteoblasts and then performed the osteoinductive procedure to determine the effects on gene expression. Subsequently, we transiently transfected ClC-3 cDNA or ClC-3-siRNA into MC3T3-E1 cells to determine the changed phenotype and gene expression. Lastly, we assessed the underlying mechanism responsible for ClC-3-induced osteodifferentiation. We found that ClC-3 mRNA was expressed in primary mouse osteoblasts and MC3T3-E1 cells and induced by using an osteoinductive procedure. We also found that overexpression of ClC-3 contributed to osteodifferentiation, such as increase in the expression of osteogenic markers [alkaline phosphatase (Alp), osteocalcin (Oc), bone sialoprotein (Bsp), osterix (Osx), and runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2)], morphological changes, and mineralized nodules in MC3T3-E1 cells. ClC-3 gene silencing suppressed gene expression of these osteogenic markers. Moreover, overexpressed ClC-3 protein co-localized with TGF-beta1 in intracellular organelles, inhibited TGF-beta1 protein expression and induced endosomal acidification. Nevertheless, knockdown of Runx2 expression antagonized the effects of ClC-3 in osteodifferentiation and expression of osteogenic markers. The data from the current study suggest that the function of ClC-3 in osteodifferentiation may be through the Runx2 pathway.