Channelpedia

PubMed 20797863


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK , Slo1



Title: Drosophila TRPA1 channel is required to avoid the naturally occurring insect repellent citronellal.

Authors: Young Kwon, Sang Hoon Kim, David S Ronderos, Youngseok Lee, Bradley Akitake, Owen M Woodward, William B Guggino, Dean P Smith, Craig Montell

Journal, date & volume: Curr. Biol., 2010 Sep 28 , 20, 1672-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20797863


Abstract
Plants produce insect repellents, such as citronellal, which is the main component of citronellal oil. However, the molecular pathways through which insects sense botanical repellents are unknown. Here, we show that Drosophila use two pathways for direct avoidance of citronellal. The olfactory coreceptor OR83b contributes to citronellal repulsion and is essential for citronellal-evoked action potentials. Mutations affecting the Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel TRPA1 result in a comparable defect in avoiding citronellal vapor. The TRPA1-dependent aversion to citronellal relies on a G protein (Gq)/phospholipase C (PLC) signaling cascade rather than direct detection of citronellal by TRPA1. Loss of TRPA1, Gq, or PLC causes an increase in the frequency of citronellal-evoked action potentials in olfactory receptor neurons. Absence of the Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (BK channel) Slowpoke results in a similar impairment in citronellal avoidance and an increase in the frequency of action potentials. These results suggest that TRPA1 is required for activation of a BK channel to modulate citronellal-evoked action potentials and for aversion to citronellal. In contrast to Drosophila TRPA1, Anopheles gambiae TRPA1 is directly and potently activated by citronellal, thereby raising the possibility that mosquito TRPA1 may be a target for developing improved repellents to reduce insect-borne diseases such as malaria.