PubMed 20889844

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK

Title: Interactions between adenosine and K+ channel-related pathways in the coupling of somatosensory activation and pial arteriolar dilation.

Authors: Chanannait Paisansathan, Haoliang Xu, Francesco Vetri, Moises Hernandez, Dale A Pelligrino

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2010 Dec , 299, H2009-17

PubMed link:

Multiple, perhaps interactive, mechanisms participate in the linkage between increased neural activity and cerebral vasodilation. In the present study, we assessed whether neural activation-related pial arteriolar dilation (PAD) involved interactions among adenosine (Ado) A(2) receptors (A(2)Rs), large-conductance Ca(2+)-operated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels, and inward rectifier K(+) (K(ir)) channels. In rats with closed cranial windows, we monitored sciatic nerve stimulation (SNS)-induced PAD in the absence or presence of pharmacological blockade of A(2)Rs (ZM-241385), ecto-5'-nucleotidase (α,β-methylene-adenosine diphosphate), BK(Ca) channels (paxilline), and K(ir) channels (BaCl(2)). Individually, these interventions led to 53-66% reductions in SNS-induced PADs. Combined applications of these blockers led to little or no further repression of SNS-induced PADs, suggesting interactions among A(2)Rs and K(+) channels. In the absence of SNS, BaCl(2) blockade of K(ir) channels produced 52-80% reductions in Ado and NS-1619 (BK(Ca) channel activator)-induced PADs. In contrast, paxilline blockade of BK(Ca) channels was without effect on dilations elicited by KCl (K(ir) channel activator) and Ado suffusions, indicating that Ado- and NS-1619-associated PADs involved K(ir) channels. In addition, targeted ablation of the superficial glia limitans was associated with a selective 60-80% loss of NS-1619 responses, suggesting that the BK(Ca) channel participation (and paxilline sensitivity) derived largely from channels within the glia limitans. Additionally, blockade of either PKA or adenylyl cyclase caused markedly attenuated pial arteriolar responses to SNS and, in the absence of SNS, responses to Ado, KCl, and NS-1619. These findings suggested a key, possibly permissive, role for A(2)R-linked cAMP generation and PKA-induced K(+) channel phosphorylation in somatosensory activation-evoked PAD.