PubMed 20977458

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BK

Title: Mitochondrial monoamine oxidase-A-mediated hydrogen peroxide generation enhances 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced contraction of rat basilar artery.

Authors: Christina Chui Wa Poon, Sai Wang Seto, Alice Lai Shan Au, Qian Zhang, Rachel Wai Sum Li, Wayne Yuk Wai Lee, George Pak Heng Leung, Siu Kai Kong, John Hok Keung Yeung, Sai Ming Ngai, Ho Pui Ho, Simon Ming Yuen Lee, Shun Wan Chan, Yiu Wa Kwan

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 2010 Nov , 161, 1086-98

PubMed link:

We evaluated the role(s) of monoamine oxidase (MAO)-mediated H₂O₂ generation on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced tension development of isolated basilar artery of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats.Basilar artery (endothelium-denuded) was isolated for tension measurement and Western blots. Enzymically dissociated single myocytes from basilar arteries were used for patch-clamp electrophysiological and confocal microscopic studies.Under resting tension, 5-HT elicited a concentration-dependent tension development with a greater sensitivity (with unchanged maximum tension development) in SHR compared with WKY (EC(50) : 28.4 ± 4.1 nM vs. 98.2 ± 9.4 nM). The exaggerated component of 5-HT-induced tension development in SHR was eradicated by polyethylene glycol-catalase, clorgyline and citalopram whereas exogenously applied H₂O₂ enhanced the 5-HT-elicited tension development in WKY. A greater protein expression of MAO-A was detected in basilar arteries from SHR than in those from WKY. In single myocytes and the entire basilar artery, 5-HT generated (clorgyline-sensitive) a greater amount of H₂O₂ in SHR compared with WKY. Whole-cell iberiotoxin-sensitive Ca(2+) -activated K(+) (BK(Ca) ) amplitude measured in myocytes of SHR was approximately threefold greater than that in WKY (at +60 mV: 7.61 ± 0.89 pA·pF(-1) vs. 2.61 ± 0.66 pA·pF(-1) ). In SHR myocytes, 5-HT caused a greater inhibition (clorgyline-, polyethylene glycol-catalase- and reduced glutathione-sensitive) of BK(Ca) amplitude than in those from WKY.5-HT caused an increased generation of mitochondrial H₂O₂ via MAO-A-mediated 5-HT metabolism, which caused a greater inhibition of BK(Ca) gating in basilar artery myocytes, leading to exaggerated basilar artery tension development in SHR.