Channelpedia

PubMed 21248079


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Kv11.1 , Slo1



Title: The Small GTPase Rab11b Regulates Degradation of Surface Membrane L-Type Cav1.2 Channels.

Authors: Jabe M Best, Jason D Foell, Courtney R Buss, Brian P Delisle, Ravi C Balijepalli, Craig T January, Timothy J Kamp

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 Jan 19 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21248079


Abstract
L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) play a critical role in Ca(2+)-dependent signaling processes in a variety of cell types. The number of functional LTCCs at the plasma membrane strongly influences the strength and duration of Ca(2+) signals. Recent studies demonstrated that endosomal trafficking provides a mechanism for dynamic changes in LTCC surface membrane density. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether the small GTPase Rab11b, a known regulator of endosomal recycling, impacts plasmalemmal expression of Ca(v)1.2 LTCCs. Disruption of endogenous Rab11b function with a dominant negative Rab11b S25N mutant led to a significant 64% increase in peak L-type Ba(2+) current (I(Ba,L)) in human embryonic kidney (HEK)293 cells. Short-hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of Rab11b also significantly increased peak I(Ba,L) by 66% compared when with cells transfected with control shRNA, whereas knockdown of Rab11a did not impact I(Ba,L). Rab11b S25N led to a 1.7-fold increase in plasma membrane density of hemagglutinin epitope-tagged Ca(v)1.2 expressed in HEK293 cells. Cell surface biotinylation experiments demonstrated that Rab11b S25N does not significantly impact anterograde trafficking of LTCCs to the surface membrane but rather slows degradation of plasmalemmal Ca(v)1.2 channels. We further demonstrated Rab11b expression in ventricular myocardium and showed that Rab11b S25N significantly increases peak I(Ba,L) by 98% in neonatal mouse cardiac myocytes. These findings reveal a novel role for Rab11b in limiting, rather than promoting, the plasma membrane expression of Ca(v)1.2 LTCCs in contrast to its effects on other ion channels including human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) K(+) channels and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. This suggests Rab11b differentially regulates the trafficking of distinct cargo and extends our understanding of how endosomal transport impacts the functional expression of LTCCs.