PubMed 15504896

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , Slo1

Title: Modal gating of human CaV2.1 (P/Q-type) calcium channels: I. The slow and the fast gating modes and their modulation by beta subunits.

Authors: Siro Luvisetto, Tommaso Fellin, Michele Spagnolo, Bruno Hivert, Paul F Brust, Michael M Harpold, Kenneth A Stauderman, Mark E Williams, Daniela Pietrobon

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2004 Nov , 124, 445-61

PubMed link:

The single channel gating properties of human CaV2.1 (P/Q-type) calcium channels and their modulation by the auxiliary beta1b, beta2e, beta3a, and beta4a subunits were investigated with cell-attached patch-clamp recordings on HEK293 cells stably expressing human CaV2.1 channels. These calcium channels showed a complex modal gating, which is described in this and the following paper (Fellin, T., S. Luvisetto, M. Spagnolo, and D. Pietrobon. 2004. J. Gen. Physiol. 124:463-474). Here, we report the characterization of two modes of gating of human CaV2.1 channels, the slow mode and the fast mode. A channel in the two gating modes differs in mean closed times and latency to first opening (both longer in the slow mode), in voltage dependence of the open probability (larger depolarizations are necessary to open the channel in the slow mode), in kinetics of inactivation (slower in the slow mode), and voltage dependence of steady-state inactivation (occurring at less negative voltages in the slow mode). CaV2.1 channels containing any of the four beta subtypes can gate in either the slow or the fast mode, with only minor differences in the rate constants of the transitions between closed and open states within each mode. In both modes, CaV2.1 channels display different rates of inactivation and different steady-state inactivation depending on the beta subtype. The type of beta subunit also modulates the relative occurrence of the slow and the fast gating mode of CaV2.1 channels; beta3a promotes the fast mode, whereas beta4a promotes the slow mode. The prevailing mode of gating of CaV2.1 channels lacking a beta subunit is a gating mode in which the channel shows shorter mean open times, longer mean closed times, longer first latency, a much larger fraction of nulls, and activates at more positive voltages than in either the fast or slow mode.