PubMed 14962835

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2 , SK3

Title: Flow-dependent increase of ICAM-1 on saphenous vein endothelium is sensitive to apamin.

Authors: Sabena Sultan, Martin Gosling, Shadi Abu-Hayyeh, Nessa Carey, Janet T Powell

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2004 Jul , 287, H22-8

PubMed link:

The potassium channel blocker tetraethylammonium blocks the flow-induced increase in endothelial ICAM-1. We have investigated the subtype of potassium channel that modulates flow-induced increased expression of ICAM-1 on saphenous vein endothelium. Cultured human saphenous vein endothelial cells (HSVECs) or intact saphenous veins were perfused at fixed low and high flows in a laminar shear chamber or flow rig, respectively, in the presence or absence of potassium channel blockers. Expression of K(+) channels and endothelial ICAM-1 was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and/or immunoassays. In HSVECs, the application of 0.8 N/m(2) (8 dyn/cm(2)) shear stress resulted in a two- to fourfold increase in cellular ICAM-1 within 6 h (P < 0.001). In intact vein a similar shear stress, with pulsatile arterial pressure, resulted in a twofold increase in endothelial ICAM-1/CD31 staining area within 1.5 h (P < 0.001). Both increases in ICAM-1 were blocked by inclusion of 100 nM apamin in the vein perfusate, whereas other K(+) channel blockers were less effective. Two subtypes of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (selectively blocked by apamin) were expressed in HSVECs and vein endothelium (SK3>SK2). Apamin blocked the upregulation of ICAM-1 on saphenous vein endothelium in response to increased flow to implicate small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels in shear stress/flow-mediated signaling pathways.