Channelpedia

PubMed 15256454


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4



Title: Bcl-2-dependent modulation of swelling-activated Cl- current and ClC-3 expression in human prostate cancer epithelial cells.

Authors: Loic Lemonnier, Yaroslav Shuba, Alexandre Crepin, Morad Roudbaraki, Christian Slomianny, Brigitte Mauroy, Bernd Nilius, Natalia Prevarskaya, Roman Skryma

Journal, date & volume: Cancer Res., 2004 Jul 15 , 64, 4841-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15256454


Abstract
Cell shrinkage is an integral part of apoptosis. However, intimate mechanisms linking apoptotic events to the alterations in cell volume homeostasis remain poorly elucidated. We investigated how overexpression of Bcl-2 oncoprotein, a key antiapoptotic regulator, in lymph node carcinoma of the prostate (LNCaP) prostate cancer epithelial cells interferes with the volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC), a major determinant of regulatory volume decrease. Bcl-2 overexpression resulted in the doubling of VRAC-carried swelling-activated Cl(-) current (I(Cl,swell)) and weakened I(Cl,swell) inhibition by store-operated Ca(2+) channel (SOC)-transported Ca(2+). This also was accompanied by substantial up-regulation of ClC-3 protein, a putative molecular candidate for the role of VRAC. ClC-3-specific antibody suppressed I(Cl,swell) in the wild-type and Bcl-2-overexpressing LNCaP cells. Epidermal growth factor treatment of wild-type LNCaP cells, promoting their proliferation, resulted in the enhancement of endogenous Bcl-2 expression and associated increases in ClC-3 levels and I(Cl,swell) magnitude. We conclude that Bcl-2-induced up-regulation of I(Cl,swell), caused by enhanced expression of ClC-3 and weaker negative control from SOC-transported Ca(2+), would strengthen the ability of the cells to handle proliferative volume increases and thereby promote their survival and diminish their proapoptotic potential.