PubMed 15513297

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: The molecular genetics of migraine.

Authors: Maija Wessman, Mari A Kaunisto, Mikko Kallela, Aarno Palotie

Journal, date & volume: Ann. Med., 2004 , 36, 462-73

PubMed link:

Within the past decade it has been possible to identify susceptibility gene loci that predispose to migraine using genetic markers distributed across the human genome. Five new loci with significant linkage to common types of migraine--migraine with or without aura--have been identified on four different chromosomes using a genome-wide screen approach. So far, only the locus on 4q has been replicated but no specific, disease-causing mutations have been described in these common forms of migraine. The best genetic evidence providing molecular insight into migraine still comes from the mutations detected in a rare Mendelian form of migraine with aura--familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM). In 50%-70% of FHM families, mutations in the calcium channel gene CACNA1A in chromosome 19p13 have been identified. In some families, mutations in the ATP1A2 gene encoding the alpha2 subunit of the Na+, K+-ATPase are associated with FHM, linked to 1q23. Here we discuss the current knowledge of the heritability of migraine and rare migraine variants as models for understanding the pathophysiology of common migraine and animal models that might contribute to understanding common forms of migraine.