PubMed 19110506

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2

Title: Molecular and electrical remodeling of L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels in rat right atrium with monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension.

Authors: Takashi Koyama, Kyoichi Ono, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Takayoshi Ohba, Manabu Murakami, Kenji Iino, Hiroshi Ito

Journal, date & volume: Circ. J., 2009 Feb , 73, 256-63

PubMed link:

Atrial arrhythmia is often encountered in chronic pulmonary disease with pulmonary hypertension (PH), but few studies have investigated the electrical remodeling of atrial Ca(2+) channels under PH.Wistar rats were injected with monocrotaline (MCT), resulting in PH with right atrial and ventricular hypertrophy. The L-type Ca(2+) channel current density was significantly decreased in right atrial cells of MCT-treated rats, accompanied by a significant reduction in mRNA expression of the CaV1.2 (alpha(1C)) subunit and accessory beta(2) subunit. Conversely, the low voltage-activated Ca(2+) current was more marked in the right atrial cells of MCT-treated rats than in those of control rats. The current-voltage relationship and the time course of inactivation closely resembled those of T-type Ca(2+) channels, although the current was only slightly inhibited by 10-100 micromol/L Ni(2+). No significant differences were observed in the mRNA expression levels of CaV3.1 (alpha(1G)) and CaV3.2 (alpha(1H)) or the protein level of the CaV3.1 subunit. In left atrial cells, the electrophysiological molecular properties of Ca(2+) channels were unaffected by MCT treatment.PH causes right atrial hypertrophy, associated with alteration of the electrophysiological molecular properties of Ca(2+) channels.