Channelpedia

PubMed 15464262


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , Nav1.8



Title: Upregulation and colocalization of p75 and Nav1.8 in Purkinje neurons in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Authors: Tina G Damarjian, Matthew J Craner, Joel A Black, Stephen G Waxman

Journal, date & volume: Neurosci. Lett., 2004 Oct 21 , 369, 186-90

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15464262


Abstract
Recent studies have indicated that, in addition to demyelination and axonal degeneration, a third factor, dysregulated ion channel expression, contributes to the pathophysiology of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Consistent with this suggestion, upregulated expression of sodium channel Na(v)1.8 is observed in Purkinje neurons in EAE and MS, and biophysical studies indicate that aberrant expression of Na(v)1.8 produces abnormal Purkinje cell firing which may contribute to the development of cerebellar ataxia. However, the molecular mechanisms that contribute to the upregulation of Na(v)1.8 in Purkinje cells in EAE and MS have not yet been determined. Previous studies have shown that neurotrophic factors can modulate sodium channel expression and that elevated levels of NGF are present in EAE and MS. Using immunocytochemical methods, we examined the relationship between the upregulation of Na(v)1.8 and the expression of the NGF receptors p75 and TrkA in EAE. Here we demonstrate that upregulation of Na(v)1.8 is associated with expression of p75 and low levels of TrkA in the majority of Purkinje cells in EAE. These findings, together with previous studies demonstrating a modulatory role of NGF on sodium channel expression, suggest that NGF acting via p75 contributes to the upregulation of Na(v)1.8 in Purkinje cells in EAE.