Channelpedia

PubMed 14556235


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1



Title: Direct activation by dopamine of recombinant human 5-HT1A receptors: comparison with human 5-HT2C and 5-HT3 receptors.

Authors: Murat Oz, Li Zhang, Alessandro Rotondo, Hui Sun, Marisela Morales

Journal, date & volume: Synapse, 2003 Dec 15 , 50, 303-13

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14556235


Abstract
The effects of dopamine (DA) on the function of human 5-HT1A receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes and CHO-K1 cells were investigated. In addition, the effect of DA on the activation of three different types of human 5-HT receptors (5-HT1A, 5-HT2C, and 5-HT3) were studied comparatively in Xenopus oocyte expression system. Application of 5-HT or DA in oocytes coexpressing 5-HT1A receptors and G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium channels (GIRK1) induced inward currents with respective EC50 values of 4.2 nM and 11.2 microM. Maximal responses induced by DA were 85 +/- 4% of maximal 5-HT currents and DA responses were blocked by the specific 5-HT1A antagonist, WAY-100635 (50 nM). In CHO-K1 cells expressing 5-HT1A receptors, 5-HT and DA inhibited the specific binding of selective antagonist [3H]-8-OH-DPAT with IC50 values of 10.2 nM and 1.4 microM, and both 5-HT and DA inhibited the forskolin-induced accumulation of cAMP. In oocytes expressing 5-HT2C receptors, 5-HT and DA induced inward currents with respective EC50 values of 6.2 nM and 67.7 microM. Magnitudes of maximal DA induced currents were 42 +/- 3% of maximal 5-HT responses and blocked by the 5-HT2 antagonist, piperazine (1 microM). In oocytes expressing 5-HT3 receptors, 5-HT and DA induced fast inward currents with respective EC50 values of 2.1 microM and 266.3 microM. Maximal DA induced currents were 37 +/- 3% of maximal 5-HT responses and blocked the specific 5-HT3 antagonist LY-278584 (0.1 microM). Comparison of the potencies and efficacies of 5-HT and DA indicated that the relative potency of DA increased in the order of 5-HT3 > 5-HT1A > 5-HT2C, and relative efficacy increased in the order of 5-HT1A > 5-HT2C > 5-HT3. These results suggest that although DA activates different subtypes of human 5-HT receptors directly, the potency and efficacy of the binding site varies significantly among different receptors.