PubMed 18794864

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir5.1

Title: A sodium-mediated structural switch that controls the sensitivity of Kir channels to PtdIns(4,5)P(2).

Authors: Avia Rosenhouse-Dantsker, Jin L Sui, Qi Zhao, Radda Rusinova, Aldo A Rodríguez-Menchaca, Zhe Zhang, Diomedes E Logothetis

Journal, date & volume: Nat. Chem. Biol., 2008 Oct , 4, 624-31

PubMed link:

Inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels are gated by the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)). Among them, Kir3 requires additional molecules, such as the betagamma subunits of G proteins or intracellular sodium, for channel gating. Using an interactive computational-experimental approach, we show that sodium sensitivity of Kir channels involves the side chains of an aspartate and a histidine located across from each other in a crucial loop in the cytosolic domain, as well as the backbone carbonyls of two more residues and a water molecule. The location of the coordination site in the vicinity of a conserved arginine shown to affect channel-PtdIns(4,5)P(2) interactions suggests that sodium triggers a structural switch that frees the crucial arginine. Mutations of the aspartate and the histidine that affect sodium sensitivity also enhance the channel's sensitivity to PtdIns(4,5)P(2). Furthermore, on the basis of the molecular characteristics of the coordination site, we identify and confirm experimentally a sodium-sensitive phenotype in Kir5.1.