PubMed 15728182

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.3

Title: Regulation of L-type Ca2+ channel activity and insulin secretion by the Rem2 GTPase.

Authors: Brian S Finlin, Amber L Mosley, Shawn M Crump, Robert N Correll, Sabire Ozcan, Jonathan Satin, Douglas A Andres

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2005 Dec 23 , 280, 41864-71

PubMed link:

Voltage-dependent calcium (Ca2+) channels are involved in many specialized cellular functions and are controlled by a diversity of intracellular signals. Recently, members of the RGK family of small GTPases (Rem, Rem2, Rad, Gem/Kir) have been identified as novel contributors to the regulation of L-type calcium channel activity. In this study, microarray analysis of the mouse insulinoma MIN6 cell line revealed that the transcription of Rem2 gene is strongly induced by exposure to high glucose, which was confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR and RNase protection analysis. Because elevation of intracellular Ca2+ in pancreatic beta-cells is essential for insulin secretion, we tested the hypothesis that Rem2 attenuates Ca2+ currents to regulate insulin secretion. Co-expression of Rem2 with CaV 1.2 or CaV1.3 L-type Ca + channels in a heterologous expression system completely inhibits de novo Ca2+ current expression. In addition, ectopic overexpression of Rem2 both inhibited L-type Ca2+ channel activity and prevented glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cell lines. Co-immunoprecipitation studies demonstrate that Rem2 associates with a variety of CaVbeta subunits. Importantly, surface biotinylation studies demonstrate that the membrane distribution of Ca2+ channels was not reduced at a time when channel activity was potently inhibited by Rem2 expression, indicating that Rem2 modulates channel function without interfering with membrane trafficking. Taken together, these data suggest that inhibition of L-type Ca2+ channels by Rem2 signaling may represent a new and potentially important mechanism for regulating Ca2+-triggered exocytosis in hormone-secreting cells, including insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells.