Channelpedia

PubMed 16492788


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir3.4



Title: Inhibition of a background potassium channel by Gq protein alpha-subunits.

Authors: Xiangdong Chen, Edmund M Talley, Nitin Patel, Ana Gomis, William E McIntire, Biwei Dong, Félix Viana, James C Garrison, Douglas A Bayliss

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2006 Feb 28 , 103, 3422-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16492788


Abstract
Two-pore-domain K(+) channels provide neuronal background currents that establish resting membrane potential and input resistance; their modulation provides a prevalent mechanism for regulating cellular excitability. The so-called TASK channel subunits (TASK-1 and TASK-3) are widely expressed, and they are robustly inhibited by receptors that signal through Galphaq family proteins. Here, we manipulated G protein expression and membrane phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) levels in intact and cell-free systems to provide electrophysiological and biochemical evidence that inhibition of TASK channels by Galphaq-linked receptors proceeds unabated in the absence of phospholipase C (PLC) activity, and instead involves association of activated Galphaq subunits with the channels. Receptor-mediated inhibition of TASK channels was faster and less sensitive to a PLCbeta1-ct minigene construct than inhibition of PIP(2)-sensitive Kir3.4(S143T) homomeric channels that is known to be dependent on PLC. TASK channels were strongly inhibited by constitutively active Galphaq, even by a mutated version that is deficient in PLC activation. Receptor-mediated TASK channel inhibition required exogenous Galphaq expression in fibroblasts derived from Galphaq/11 knockout mice, but proceeded unabated in a cell line in which PIP(2) levels were reduced by regulated overexpression of a lipid phosphatase. Direct application of activated Galphaq, but not other G protein subunits, inhibited TASK channels in excised patches, and constitutively active Galphaq subunits were selectively coimmunoprecipitated with TASK channels. These data indicate that receptor-mediated TASK channel inhibition is independent of PIP(2) depletion, and they suggest a mechanism whereby channel modulation by Galphaq occurs through direct interaction with the ion channel or a closely associated intermediary.