Channelpedia

PubMed 18590799


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , SK2 , SK3 , Slo1



Title: Evidence that TASK1 channels contribute to the background current in AH/type II neurons of the guinea-pig intestine.

Authors: H Matsuyama, T V Nguyen, B Hunne, M Thacker, K Needham, D McHugh, J B Furness

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2008 Aug 26 , 155, 738-50

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18590799


Abstract
Neurons that have AH (designation of neurons with a prominent and prolonged after hyperpolarizing potential that follows the action potential) electrophysiological characteristics and type II morphology (AH/type II neurons) are the first neurons in reflex circuits in the small intestine. Thus, the state of excitation of these neurons strongly influences the properties of enteric reflexes. The resting outward current in the type II neurons is reduced, causing depolarization and increased excitability, when protein kinase C (PKC) or synaptic inputs are activated, suggesting that regulation of background channels is an important determinant of the state of excitability of these neurons. However, the channels that carry the background current are not yet identified. We used intracellular microelectrodes to record from myenteric AH/type II neurons of the guinea-pig ileum, immunohistochemistry to localize channels and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to characterize channel transcripts. The blockers of TASK1 channels, bupivacaine (1 mM) and methanandamide (10 muM), depolarized AH/type II neurons by 11.6 mV and 7.9 mV, respectively, and increased resting input resistance by about 30%. The reversal potential determined for the effect of bupivacaine was -92 mV, indicating that bupivacaine acts at K(+) channels, without significant action on other channel types that are open at rest. The membrane potential of type II neurons was depolarized by acidification to pH 6.4, but this depolarization was associated with decreased input resistance and was not reduced by bupivacaine. Thus an unidentified current that is activated by reduced pH masks effects on TASK channels. Slow excitatory post-synaptic potentials in the neurons were reduced in amplitude by methanandamide, suggesting that they are generated in part by closure of TASK1 channels. TASK1 immunoreactivity occurred in all type II neurons (determined by double labeling for IB4 and NeuN), but no type II neurons were immunoreactive for TASK2 or TASK3. These latter channels were localized to non-type II neurons. Transcripts for TASK1, TASK2, TASK3 and other two-pore-domain potassium channels were found in ganglion extracts. It is concluded that TASK1 channels contribute to the resting outward current in AH/type II neurons, and that neurotransmitters that evoke slow depolarizations in these neurons do so through the closure of resting K(+) channels that include TASK1 channels.