PubMed 18438938

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClIC1

Title: Blockade of chloride intracellular ion channel 1 stimulates Abeta phagocytosis.

Authors: Silvia Paradisi, Andrea Matteucci, Cinzia Fabrizi, Michela A Denti, Rosella Abeti, Samuel N Breit, Fiorella Malchiodi-Albedi, Michele Mazzanti

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci. Res., 2008 Aug 15 , 86, 2488-98

PubMed link:

In amyloid-beta (Abeta)-stimulated microglial cells, blockade of chloride intracellular ion channel 1 (CLIC1) reverts the increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha and nitric oxide (NO) production and results in neuroprotection of cocultured neurons. This effect could be of therapeutic efficacy in Alzheimer's disease (AD), where microglial activation may contribute to neurodegeneration, but it could reduce Abeta phagocytosis, which could facilitate amyloid plaque removal. Here, we analyzed the CLIC1 blockade effect on Abeta-stimulated mononuclear phagocytosis. In the microglial cell line BV-2, Abeta25-35 treatment enhanced fluorescent bead phagocytosis, which persisted also in the presence of IAA-94, a CLIC1 channel blocker. The same result was obtained in rat primary microglia and in BV2 cells, where CLIC1 expression had been knocked down with a plasmid producing small interfering RNAs. To address specifically the issue of Abeta phagocytosis, we treated BV-2 cells with biotinylated Abeta1-42 and measured intracellular amyloid by morphometric analysis. IAA-94-treated cells showed an increased Abeta phagocytosis after 24 hr and efficient degradation of ingested material after 72 hr. In addition, we tested Abeta1-42 phagocytosis in adult rat peritoneal macrophages. Also, these cells actively phagocytosed Abeta1-42 in the presence of IAA-94. However, the increased expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), stimulated by Abeta, was reverted by IAA-94. In parallel, a decrease in NO release was detected. These results suggest that blockade of CLIC1 stimulates Abeta phagocytosis in mononuclear phagocytes while inhibiting the induction of iNOS and further point to CLIC1 as a possible therapeutic target in AD.