PubMed 15947038

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir2.1 , Kir2.2 , Kir2.4 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.2 , Kir3.4 , Slo1

Title: Tertiapin-Q blocks recombinant and native large conductance K+ channels in a use-dependent manner.

Authors: Refik Kanjhan, Elizabeth J Coulson, David J Adams, Mark C Bellingham

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 2005 Sep , 314, 1353-61

PubMed link:

Tertiapin, a short peptide from honey bee venom, has been reported to specifically block the inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir) channels, including G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channel (GIRK) 1+GIRK4 heteromultimers and ROMK1 homomultimers. In the present study, the effects of a stable and functionally similar derivative of tertiapin, tertiapin-Q, were examined on recombinant human voltage-dependent Ca(2+)-activated large conductance K(+) channel (BK or MaxiK; alpha-subunit or hSlo1 homomultimers) and mouse inwardly rectifying GIRK1+GIRK2 (i.e., Kir3.1 and Kir3.2) heteromultimeric K(+) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes and in cultured newborn mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. In two-electrode voltage-clamped oocytes, tertiapin-Q (1-100 nM) inhibited BK-type K(+) channels in a use- and concentration-dependent manner. We also confirmed the inhibition of recombinant GIRK1+GIRK2 heteromultimers by tertiapin-Q, which had no effect on endogenous depolarization- and hyperpolarization-activated currents sensitive to extracellular divalent cations (Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Zn(2+), and Ba(2+)) in defolliculated oocytes. In voltage-clamped DRG neurons, tertiapin-Q voltage- and use-dependently inhibited outwardly rectifying K(+) currents, but Cs(+)-blocked hyperpolarization-activated inward currents including I(H) were insensitive to tertiapin-Q, baclofen, barium, and zinc, suggesting absence of functional GIRK channels in the newborn. Under current-clamp conditions, tertiapin-Q blocked the action potential after hyperpolarization (AHP) and increased action potential duration in DRG neurons. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the blocking actions of tertiapin-Q are not specific to Kir channels and that the blockade of recombinant BK channels and native neuronal AHP currents is use-dependent. Inhibition of specific types of Kir and voltage-dependent Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels by tertiapin-Q at nanomolar range via different mechanisms may have implications in pain physiology and therapy.