PubMed 16845233

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3 , Slo1

Title: The inhibitory effect of copper ions on lymphocyte Kv1.3 potassium channels.

Authors: A Teisseyre, J W Mozrzymas

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2006 Jun , 57, 301-14

PubMed link:

We applied the whole-cell patch-clamp technique to study the inhibitory effect of copper ions (Cu) on the activity of Kv1.3 channels expressed in human lymphocytes. Application of Cu reversibly inhibited the currents to about 10% of the control value in a concentration-dependent manner with the half blocking concentration of 5.28+/-0.5 microM and the Hill's coefficient of 3.83+/-0.18. The inhibitory effect was saturated at 10 microM concentration. The inhibition was time-dependent and it was correlated in time with a significant slowing of the current activation rate. In contrast the voltage dependence of activation was not changed by Cu as well as the inactivation kinetics. The inhibitory effect of Cu was voltage-independent. It was also unaffected by changing the extracellular pH in the range from 6.4 to 8.4, raising the extracellular potassium concentration to 150 mM and by changing the holding potential from -90 to -60 mV. The inhibitory effect of Cu was not changed in the presence of an equivalent concentration of Zn. Altogether, obtained data suggest that Cu inhibits Kv1.3 channels by a different mechanism than Zn and that Cu and Zn act on different binding sites. The inhibitory effect of Cu was probably due to a specific binding of Cu on binding sites on the channels. Possible physiological significance of the Cu-induced inhibition of Kv1.3 channels is discussed.