PubMed 15827083

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.4

Title: Selective Golgi export of Kir2.1 controls the stoichiometry of functional Kir2.x channel heteromers.

Authors: Alexis Hofherr, Bernd Fakler, Nikolaj Klöcker

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Sci., 2005 May 1 , 118, 1935-43

PubMed link:

Surface expression of ion channels and receptors often depends on intrinsic sequence motifs that control their intracellular transport along the secretory pathway. Although members of the Kir2.x subfamily share two such motifs - a diacidic ER export motif and a positively charged Golgi export motif - they strongly differ in their surface expression. Whereas Kir2.1 shows prominent plasma membrane localization, Kir2.4 channels accumulate within the Golgi complex. By constructing chimeras between Kir2.1 and Kir2.4 subunits, a stretch of 20 amino acids was identified in the Kir2.1 C-terminus that is both necessary and sufficient to promote anterograde transport of Kir channel subunits at the level of trafficking from the Golgi to the plasma membrane. The core element of the identified sequence bears a tyrosine-dependent YXXPhi consensus motif for adaptin binding, with the flanking residues determining its functional efficiency. As the signal is dominant in promoting surface transport of Kir2.1/Kir2.4 channel heteromers and is recognized by both the epithelial and neuronal intracellular sorting machinery, the preferential Golgi export of Kir2.1 will control the stoichiometry of Kir2.x heteromers expressed on the cell surface.