PubMed 16143634

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2

Title: Sodium permeability of a cloned small-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel.

Authors: Narae Shin, Heun Soh, Sunghoe Chang, Do Han Kim, Chul-Seung Park

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2005 Nov , 89, 3111-9

PubMed link:

Small-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium channels (SK(Ca) channels) are heteromeric complexes of pore-forming main subunits and constitutively bound calmodulin. SK(Ca) channels in neuronal cells are activated by intracellular Ca2+ that increases during action potentials, and their ionic currents have been considered to underlie neuronal afterhyperpolarization. However, the ion selectivity of neuronal SK(Ca) channels has not been rigorously investigated. In this study, we determined the monovalent cation selectivity of a cloned rat SK(Ca) channel, rSK2, using heterologous expression and electrophysiological measurements. When extracellular K+ was replaced isotonically with Na+, ionic currents through rSK2 reversed at significantly more depolarized membrane potentials than the value expected for a Nernstian relationship for K+. We then determined the relative permeability of rSK2 for monovalent cations and compared them with those of the intermediate- and large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels, IK(Ca) and BK(Ca) channels. The relative permeability of the rSK2 channel was determined as K+(1.0)>Rb+(0.80)>NH(4)+(0.19) approximately Cs+(0.19)>Li+(0.14)>Na+(0.12), indicating substantial permeability of small ions through the channel. Although a mutation near the selectivity filter mimicking other K+-selective channels influenced the size-selectivity for permeant ions, Na+ permeability of rSK2 channels was still retained. Since the reversal potential of endogenous SK(Ca) current is determined by Na+ permeability in a physiological ionic environment, the ion selectivity of native SK(Ca) channels should be reinvestigated and their in vivo roles may need to be restated.