PubMed 18192874

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1 , Slo1

Title: Botulinum neurotoxin A and neurotoxin E cleavage products of synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kd exhibit distinct actions on pancreatic islet beta-cell Kv2.1 channel gating.

Authors: Yan He, Chadwick L Elias, Ya-Chi Huang, Xiaodong Gao, Yuk-Man Leung, Youhou Kang, Huanli Xie, John A Chaddock, Robert G Tsushima, Herbert Y Gaisano

Journal, date & volume: Pancreas, 2008 Jan , 36, 10-7

PubMed link:

Synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kd (SNAP-25) regulates pancreatic islet beta-cell-delayed rectifier K channels (Kv2.1) in addition to insulin exocytosis. Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) and E (BoNT/E) cleavage and presumed deletion of SNAP-25 have been used to examine SNAP-25 function. We hypothesized that proteolytic products of SNAP-25 (206 amino acids) resulting from BoNT/A and BoNT/E cleavage, SNAP-25(1-197) and SNAP-25(1-180), have independent actions on beta-cell Kv gating.We examined by confocal microscopy and immunoblotting BoNT/A and BoNT/E cleavage of SNAP-25 to these N-terminal fragments, and the consequent effects of these BoNTs and SNAP-25 fragments on Kv currents in rat beta cells and MIN6 cells by patch clamp electrophysiology.Confocal microscopy and immunoblotting showed that MIN6 cells transfected with BoNT/A or BoNT/E generated SNAP-25(1-197) and SNAP-25(1-180) fragments that were retained in the cytosol. Both BoNTs caused increased rate of channel activation and slowed channel inactivation, mimicked by these SNAP-25 fragments, but not full-length SNAP-25. These SNAP-25 fragments potentiated tetraethylammonium block of beta-cell Kv currents.BoNT/A or BoNT/E treatment of beta cells generates N-terminal SNAP-25 fragments that are retained in beta cells to directly influence Kv channel gating in a manner distinct from full-length SNAP-25, contributing to overall actions of these BoNTs on insulin secretion.