PubMed 16583725

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: CACNA1A mutation in a EA-2 patient responsive to acetazolamide and valproic acid.

Authors: Kylie A Scoggan, Joseph H Friedman, Dennis E Bulman

Journal, date & volume: , 2006 Feb , 33, 68-72

PubMed link:

Episodic ataxia type-2 (EA-2) is an autosomal dominant neurological disorder that has been shown to result from mutations in the CACNA1A gene encoding the P/Q-type calcium channel. Affected individuals experience episodes of cerebellar ataxia usually associated with migraine symptoms, interictal nystagmus, mild residual and in some cases a progressive cerebellar incoordination and respond to acetazolamide treatment. We identified a patient with a positive family history for episodic ataxia, who was originally diagnosed with epilepsy and treated with valproic acid. Subsequent examination revealed that the symptoms were consistent with a diagnosis of EA-2. The patient responded positively to a combination of acetazolamide and valproic acid. Molecular genetic analysis of the CACNA1A gene was performed in order to confirm a diagnosis of EA-2.The CACNA1A gene was evaluated for mutations using single strand conformational polymorphism analysis and direct DNA sequencing. Allele specific oligo hybridization was used to confirm that the mutation was segregating with only affected family members and was not present in the control group.In this study we identified a new missense mutation in exon 12 of the CACNA1A gene from a patient with EA-2 whose symptoms could be controlled with a combination of acetazolamide and valproic acid. This G to A transition changes a highly conserved glutamic acid residue to a lysine residue in domain II S2 of the P/Q-type calcium channel alpha1A subunit.The use of valproic acid in treating patients with EA-2 is not well documented. Here we describe a patient with a novel mutation in the CACNA1A gene who responded positively to a combination of acetazolamide and valproic acid.