PubMed 16220076

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Slo1

Title: Endothelin-1 inhibits inward rectifier K+ channels in rabbit coronary arterial smooth muscle cells through protein kinase C.

Authors: Won Sun Park, Jin Han, Nari Kim, Jae Boum Youm, Hyun Joo, Hyung Kyu Kim, Jae-Hong Ko, Yung E Earm

Journal, date & volume: J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol., 2005 Nov , 46, 681-9

PubMed link:

We studied inward rectifier K+ (Kir) channels in smooth muscle cells isolated from rabbit coronary arteries. In cells from small- (<100 microm, SCASMC) and medium-diameter (100 approximately 200 microm, MCASMC) coronary arteries, Kir currents were clearly identified (11.2 +/- 0.6 and 4.2 +/- 0.6 pA pF at -140 mV in SCASMC and MCASMC, respectively) that were inhibited by Ba(2+) (50 microm). By contrast, a very low Kir current density (1.6 +/- 0.4 pA pF) was detected in cells from large-diameter coronary arteries (>200 microm, LCASMC). The presence of Kir2.1 protein was confirmed in SCASMC in a Western blot assay. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibited Kir currents in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibition of Kir currents by ET-1 was abolished by pretreatment with the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor staurosporine (100 nM) or GF 109203X (1 microm). The PKC activators phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) and 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG) reduced Kir currents. The ETA-receptor inhibitor BQ-123 prevented the ET-1-induced inhibition of Kir currents. The amplitudes of the ATP-dependent K+ (KATP), Ca(2+)-activated K+ (BKCa), and voltage-dependent K+ (KV) currents, and effects of ET-1 on these channels did not differ between SCASMC and LCASMC. From these results, we conclude that Kir channels are expressed at a higher density in SCASMC than in larger arteries and that the Kir channel activity is negatively regulated by the stimulation of ETA-receptors via the PKC pathway.