PubMed 15728579

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1

Title: Gbetagamma-dependent and Gbetagamma-independent basal activity of G protein-activated K+ channels.

Authors: Ida Rishal, Yuri Porozov, Daniel Yakubovich, Dalia Varon, Nathan Dascal

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2005 Apr 29 , 280, 16685-94

PubMed link:

Cardiac and neuronal G protein-activated K+ channels (GIRK; Kir3) open following the binding of Gbetagamma subunits, released from Gi/o proteins activated by neurotransmitters. GIRKs also possess basal activity contributing to the resting potential in neurons. It appears to depend largely on free Gbetagamma, but a Gbetagamma-independent component has also been envisaged. We investigated Gbetagamma dependence of the basal GIRK activity (A(GIRK,basal)) quantitatively, by titrated expression of Gbetagamma scavengers, in Xenopus oocytes expressing GIRK1/2 channels and muscarinic m2 receptors. The widely used Gbetagamma scavenger, myristoylated C terminus of beta-adrenergic kinase (m-cbetaARK), reduced A(GIRK,basal) by 70-80% and eliminated the acetylcholine-evoked current (I(ACh)). However, we found that m-cbetaARK directly binds to GIRK, complicating the interpretation of physiological data. Among several newly constructed Gbetagamma scavengers, phosducin with an added myristoylation signal (m-phosducin) was most efficient in reducing GIRK currents. m-phosducin relocated to the membrane fraction and did not bind GIRK. Titrated expression of m-phosducin caused a reduction of A(GIRK,basal) by up to 90%. Expression of GIRK was accompanied by an increase in the level of Gbetagamma and Galpha in the plasma membrane, supporting the existence of preformed complexes of GIRK with G protein subunits. Increased expression of Gbetagamma and its constitutive association with GIRK may underlie the excessively high A(GIRK,basal) observed at high expression levels of GIRK. Only 10-15% of A(GIRK,basal) persisted upon expression of both m-phosducin and cbetaARK. These results demonstrate that a major part of Ibasal is Gbetagamma-dependent at all levels of channel expression, and only a small fraction (<10%) may be Gbetagamma-independent.