PubMed 16195632

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , Kv10.1

Title: Subtype switching of T-type Ca 2+ channels from Cav3.2 to Cav3.1 during differentiation of embryonic stem cells to cardiac cell lineage.

Authors: Einosuke Mizuta, Junichiro Miake, Shuichi Yano, Hitomi Furuichi, Kasumi Manabe, Norihito Sasaki, Osamu Igawa, Yoshiko Hoshikawa, Chiaki Shigemasa, Eiji Nanba, Haruaki Ninomiya, Kyoko Hidaka, Takayuki Morisaki, Fumihito Tajima, Ichiro Hisatome

Journal, date & volume: Circ. J., 2005 Oct , 69, 1284-9

PubMed link:

The developmental changes of Ni(2+)-sensitivity to automaticity of Nkx2.5-positive cells derived from mouse embryonic stem cell have been identified, suggesting developmental regulation of expressing Ni(2+)-sensitive T-type Ca(2+) channel, although the mechanism of the change has not been fully studied.Transcripts of Cav3.2, Cav3.1 and Cav1.2 genes of beating Nkx2.5-positive cells, which encode the Ni(2+)-sensitive T-type Ca(2+) channel, Ni(2+)-insensitive T-type Ca(2+) channel, and L-type Ca(2+) channel, respectively, were investigated by real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and the current density of each channel was measured by patch-clamp techniques at the early and late stages of differentiation. The expression of the Cav3.2 transcript predominated in the early stage whereas those of Cav3.1 and Cav1.2 transcripts were upregulated in the late stage, which was consistent with the change in each current density, suggesting the expression of channel proteins is largely determined at the transcriptional level.The results indicate that the mechanism of change of Ni(2+)-sensitivity is partly, if not completely, the subtype switch of T-type Ca(2+) channel from Cav3.2 to Cav3.1 at the transcriptional level, and that the expression of the L-type Ca(2+) channel might have an attenuating effect on Ni(2+)-sensitivity to automaticity in the late stage of differentiation.