PubMed 16217144

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv3.4 , Kv4.1 , Kv4.3 , Slo1

Title: Inhibitory effect of thiopental on ultra-rapid delayed rectifier K+ current in H9c2 cells.

Authors: Hideki Suzuki, Nobuo Momoi, Tomoyuki Ono, Sachiko Maeda, Yayoi Shikama, Isao Matsuoka, Hitoshi Suzuki, Junko Kimura

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Sci., 2005 Oct , 99, 177-84

PubMed link:

Using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique, we investigated the effects of thiopental on membrane currents in H9c2 cells, a cell line derived from embryonic rat heart. Thiopental blocked a rapidly activating, very slowly-inactivating ultra-rapid type I(Kur)-like outward K(+) current in a concentration-dependent manner. The half-maximal concentration (IC(50)) of thiopental was 97 microM with a Hill coefficient of 1.2. The thiopental-sensitive current was also blocked by high concentrations of nifedipine (IC(50) = 9.1 microM) and 100 microM chromanol 293B, a blocker of slowly activating delayed rectifier K+ current (I(Ks)), but was insensitive to E-4031, an inhibitor of rapidly activating delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Kr)). TEA (tetraethylammonium) at 5 mM and 4-AP (4-aminopiridine) at 1 mM reduced the K(+) current to 30.8 +/- 12.2% and 20.5 +/- 6.5% of the control, respectively. Using RT-PCR, we detected mRNAs of Kv2.1, Kv3.4, Kv4.1, and Kv4.3 in H9c2 cells. Among those, Kv2.1 and Kv3.4 have I(Kur)-type kinetics and are therefore candidates for thiopental-sensitive K(+) channels in H9c2 cells. This is the first report showing that thiopental inhibits I(Kur). This effect of thiopental may be involved in its reported prolongation of cardiac action potentials.