Channelpedia

PubMed 16766578


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , Slo1



Title: Expression of intermediate-conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ channel (KCNN4) in H441 human distal airway epithelial cells.

Authors: S M Wilson, S G Brown, N McTavish, R P McNeill, E M Husband, S K Inglis, R E Olver, M T Clunes

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2006 Nov , 291, L957-65

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16766578


Abstract
Electrophysiological studies of H441 human distal airway epithelial cells showed that thapsigargin caused a Ca(2+)-dependent increase in membrane conductance (G(Tot)) and hyperpolarization of membrane potential (V(m)). These effects reflected a rapid rise in cellular K(+) conductance (G(K)) and a slow fall in amiloride-sensitive Na(+) conductance (G(Na)). The increase in G(Tot) was antagonized by Ba(2+), a nonselective K(+) channel blocker, and abolished by clotrimazole, a KCNN4 inhibitor, but unaffected by other selective K(+) channel blockers. Moreover, 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO), which is known to activate KCNN4, increased G(K) with no effect on G(Na). RT-PCR-based analyses confirmed expression of mRNA encoding KCNN4 and suggested that two related K(+) channels (KCNN1 and KCNMA1) were absent. Subsequent studies showed that 1-EBIO stimulates Na(+) transport in polarized monolayers without affecting intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), suggesting that the activity of KCNN4 might influence the rate of Na(+) absorption by contributing to G(K). Transient expression of KCNN4 cloned from H441 cells conferred a Ca(2+)- and 1-EBIO-sensitive K(+) conductance on Chinese hamster ovary cells, but this channel was inactive when [Ca(2+)](i) was <0.2 microM. Subsequent studies of amiloride-treated H441 cells showed that clotrimazole had no effect on V(m) despite clear depolarizations in response to increased extracellular K(+) concentration ([K(+)](o)). These findings thus indicate that KCNN4 does not contribute to V(m) in unstimulated cells. The present data thus establish that H441 cells express KCNN4 and highlight the importance of G(K) to the control of Na(+) absorption, but, because KCNN4 is quiescent in resting cells, this channel cannot contribute to resting G(K) or influence basal Na(+) absorption.