PubMed 16505211

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav2.1

Title: Coexpression of voltage-dependent calcium channels Cav1.2, 2.1a, and 2.1b in vascular myocytes.

Authors: Ditte Andreasen, Ulla G Friis, Torben R Uhrenholt, Boye L Jensen, Ole Skøtt, Pernille B Hansen

Journal, date & volume: Hypertension, 2006 Apr , 47, 735-41

PubMed link:

Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels Cav1.2 (L type) and Cav2.1 (P/Q type) are expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and are important for the contraction of renal resistance vessels. In the present study we examined whether native renal VSMCs coexpress L-, P-, and Q-type Ca2+ currents. The expression of both Cav2.1a (P-type) and Cav2.1b (Q-type) mRNA was demonstrated by RT-PCR in renal preglomerular vessels from rats and mice. Immunolabeling was performed on A7r5 cells, renal cryosections, and freshly isolated renal VSMCs with anti-Cav1.2 and anti-Cav2.1 antibodies. Conventional and confocal microscopy revealed expression of both channels in all of the smooth muscle cells. Whole-cell patch clamp on single preglomerular VSMCs from mice showed L-, P-, and Q-type currents. Blockade of the L-type currents by calciseptine (20 nmol/L) inhibited 35.6+/-3.9% of the voltage-dependent Ca2+ current, and blocking P-type currents (omega-agatoxin IVA 10 nmol/L) led to 20.2+/-3.0% inhibition, whereas 300 nmol/L of omega agatoxin IVA (blocking P/Q-type) inhibited 45.0+/-7.3%. In rat aortic smooth muscle cells (A7r5), blockade of L-type channels resulted in 28.5+/-6.1% inhibition, simultaneous blockade of L-type and P-type channels inhibited 58.0+/-11.8%, and simultaneous inhibition of L-, P-, and Q-type channels led to blockade (88.7+/-5.6%) of the Ca2+ current. We conclude that aortic and renal preglomerular smooth muscle cells express L-, P-, and Q-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in the rat and mouse.